How to recognise symptoms


ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and is defined as a neurobiological disorder. It is a life long condition characterised by developmentally inappropriate, pervasive (across different situations such as home and school) and persistent pattern of severe inattention, hyperactivity and/or impulsivity. It is four times more frequently found in boys than in girls and affects approximately 5% of the school going population. It is unusual to find a pure case of ADHD, it is in fact more frequently found in association with comorbidities such as: oppositional defiant disorder, fine and gross motor difficulties, learning and language problems, anxiety and depression. These will continue to persist into adulthood with different symptomology.

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At home

  • Demands attention frequently
  • Frequently forgets demands
  • Procrastinates, avoids or strongly protests doing tasks like homework
  • Constantly looses or misplaces things
  • Difficulty in sleeping
  • Difficulties staying seated during mealtimes
  • Can be sensitive to light and loud noises
  • Difficulties with siblings and peers
  • Easily gets frustrated
  • Unplanned changes can be difficult and may be challenged

At school

  • Poor short term memory
  • May have gross and/or fine motor coordination problems
  • Difficulties with processing in areas such as language, reading, spelling and calculations
  • Difficulties in sustaining attention to a task they are not interested in
  • Difficulties organising assignments, projects and homework
  • Behavioural problems where they are frequently avoiding tasks, breaking rules, unable to take turns, argumentative and challenging authority

In a group

  • Frequently oppose or challenge rules
  • Lacks empathy
  • Difficulties in making and keeping positive friendships
  • Gets frustrated easily and has very low levels of tolerance
  • Tends to be inflexible and has an inability to adapt to changes
  • Unable to wait their turn in activities or games
  • Impulsive behaviours
  • Shows physical and verbal aggression
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